488 U. S. 15
November 7, 1988
A town zoning law allowed the construction of multifamily housing projects only in the town’s urban core. Nearly all the town’s black population lived in the urban core, and the outlying areas were all almost entirely white. The local NAACP asked the town to amend their zoning code to allow for multifamily housing projects to be built in the non-urban white areas. The town refused, and the NAACP charged that this refusal perpetuated housing segregation, and violated the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
In a 6-3 per curiam ruling, the Court held that the town had indeed violated the 1968 Civil Rights Act. The Court offered no analysis of its own, but gave its imprimatur to the broad findings of the lower court that the disparate impact standard would be used to decide the case, and that the town’s justification for not amending the zoning code was insufficient. White, Marshall, and Stevens, without opinion, noted that the case should have received oral argument.